Urban II at the Council of Clermont
A 15th century CE illustration by Jean Colombe of the Council of Clermont of November 1095 CE where Pope Urban II (r. 1088-1099 CE) famously called for the First Crusade (1095-1102 CE). (National Library, Paris)
Robert of Normandy at the Siege of Antioch
A 19th century CE painting by Jean-Joseph Dassy of Robert of Normandy at the Siege of Antioch, 1097-8 CE during the First Crusade (1095-1102 CE).
Battle of the Field of Blood (1119 CE)
Artists impression of the Battle of the Field of Blood (1119 CE) by Marek Szyszko. Copyright, republished with permission from Medieval Warfare Magazine / Karwansaray Publishers.
The Second Crusaders Arrive in Constantinople
A 15th century CE painting by Jean Fouquet depicting the Second Crusaders (1147-49 CE), led by Louis VII and Conrad III, as they arrive at Constantinople.
The Sack of Constantinople in 1204 CE
A 16th century CE painting by Palma Le Jeune depicting the attack on Constantinople in 1204 CE during the Fourth Crusade.
The Venetians Attack Constantinople, 1204 CE
A 16th century CE painting by Domenico Tintoretto depicting the Venetians attacking the sea walls of Constantinople in 1204 CE during the Fourth Crusade.
The Entry of the Crusaders into Constantinople
A painting by Delacroix (1798-1863 CE) depicting the entry of the Crusaders into Constantinople in 1204 CE during the Fourth Crusade. (Louvre, Paris)
Pope Urban II
A statue of Pope Urban II (r. 1088-1099 CE) who called for the First Crusade (1095-1202 CE). Clermont-Ferrand, France.
Second Crusade Battle Scene
A battle scene of the Second Crusade (1147-1149 CE). From a 14th century CE illustrated manuscript of William of Tyre's history of the Crusade. (French National Library, Paris)
Fredrick I Barbarossa Flanked by His Sons
This image, a miniature from the "Welfenchronik" (History of the Guelphs), which dates to the late twelfth century CE, shows Frederick I Barbarossa (r. 1152-1190 CE), flanked by his sons.