Godfrey of Bouillon
A 19th century CE statue in Brussels by Eugène Simonis depicting Godfrey of Bouillon, one of the leaders of the First Crusade (1095-1102 CE) who was made the king of Jerusalem after the capture of that city in 1099 CE.
Kingdom of Jerusalem at the Time of the Crusades
This map depicts the Kingdom of Jerusalem (existed 1099-1291 CE), along with the Counties of Tripoli, Edessa, and Antioch.
Montreal or Al-Shaubak Castle
The Montreal Castle (Al-Shaubak) in Jordan was a Crusader castle built by Baldwin I, king of the Kingdom of Jerusalem in 1115 CE. The castle protected the caravan routes from Damascus to Egypt.
Tebnine Castle, Lebanon
Crusader castle in the village of Tebnine, Lebanon. Photo taken 1983 CE.
Medieval castles were built from the 11th century CE for rulers to demonstrate their wealth and power to the local populace, to provide a place of defence and safe retreat in the case of attack, defend strategically important sites like river...
A medieval Teutonic Knight was a member of the Catholic military Deutscher Orden or Teutonic Order, officially founded in March 1198 CE. The first mission of the Teutonic knights was to help retake Jerusalem from the Arabs in the Third Crusade...
The Albigensian Crusade (aka Cathars' Crusade, 1209-1229 CE), was the first crusade to specifically target heretic Christians - the Cathars of southern France. Not successful in repressing the heresy, the on-off campaigns over two decades...
1204: The Sack of Constantinople
In 1204 CE the unthinkable happened and Constantinople, after nine centuries of withstanding all comers, was brutally sacked. Even more startling was the fact that the perpetrators were not any of the traditional enemies of the Byzantine...
Battle of Agridi (1232 CE)
Illustration of the Battle of Agridi (1232 CE), during the War of the Lombards, by Marek Szyszko. Courtesy of Medieval Warfare Magazine / Karwansaray Publishers.
Amalric of Jerusalem
A miniature painting of King Amalric of Jerusalem (r. 1163 - 1174 CE). From a manuscript Histoire d'Outremer, by William of Tyre (c. 1130 - 1186 CE). Made c. 1232 and 1261 CE. (British Library)