The Siege of Antioch, 1097-8 CE
A 14th century CE illustration depicting the siege of Antioch of 1097-8 CE during the First Crusade (1095-1102 CE). (National Library of the Netherlands, The Hague)
Crusaders at the Walls of Jerusalem
A 19th century CE painting by Francesco Hayez of the First Crusaders at the walls of Jerusalem in 1099 CE. (Royal Palace of Turin, Italy)
Godfrey of Bouillon
A 19th century CE statue in Brussels by Eugène Simonis depicting Godfrey of Bouillon, one of the leaders of the First Crusade (1095-1102 CE) who was made the king of Jerusalem after the capture of that city in 1099 CE.
Kingdom of Jerusalem at the Time of the Crusades
This map depicts the Kingdom of Jerusalem (existed 1099-1291 CE), along with the Counties of Tripoli, Edessa, and Antioch.
Tebnine Castle, Lebanon
Crusader castle in the village of Tebnine, Lebanon. Photo taken 1983 CE.
Montreal or Al-Shaubak Castle
The Montreal Castle (Al-Shaubak) in Jordan was a Crusader castle built by Baldwin I, king of the Kingdom of Jerusalem in 1115 CE. The castle protected the caravan routes from Damascus to Egypt.
The Albigensian Crusade (aka Cathars' Crusade, 1209-1229 CE), was the first crusade to specifically target heretic Christians - the Cathars of southern France. Not successful in repressing the heresy, the on-off campaigns over two decades...
1204: The Sack of Constantinople
In 1204 CE the unthinkable happened and Constantinople, after nine centuries of withstanding all comers, was brutally sacked. Even more startling was the fact that the perpetrators were not any of the traditional enemies of the Byzantine...
A History of the Crusades
The Crusades were a series of military campaigns waged between Christians and Muslims, Christians and pagans (the Northern Crusades), and Christians against Christians (the Fourth Crusade and the Albigensian Crusade). This complex series...
Battle of Agridi (1232 CE)
Illustration of the Battle of Agridi (1232 CE), during the War of the Lombards, by Marek Szyszko. Courtesy of Medieval Warfare Magazine / Karwansaray Publishers.