Pottery in Antiquity
Pottery is the first synthetic material ever created by humans. The term refers to objects made of clay that have been fashioned into the desired shape, dried, and either fired or baked to fix their form. Due to its abundance and durability...
Pirates in the Ancient Mediterranean
Piracy, defined as the act of attacking and robbing a ship or port by sea, had a long history in the ancient Mediterranean stretching from the time of the Egyptian pharaoh Akhenaten (r. 1353-1336 BCE) and throughout the Middle Ages (c. 476-1500...
Minoan Jug in Floral Style
Late New-Palace period (1450 BCE) clay jug with distinctive leaf pattern, from Phaistos. (Heraklion Archaeological Museum, Crete)
Knossos is the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete, probably the ceremonial and political center of the Minoan civilization and culture. It is a popular tourist destination today, as it is near the main city of Heraklion and has...
Nikephoros II Phokas
Nikephoros II Phokas was Byzantine emperor from 963 to 969 CE. Known as “White Death of the Saracens,” Nikephoros was a fearsome commander who conquered Crete, Cilicia, and much of Syria. While he is known as a great military...
Minoan Vase in Marine Style
New-Palace period (1500-1450 BCE) Cretan Clay askos with 'Marine Style' decoration, (Heraklion Archaeological Museum, Crete)
Throne Room at the Palace of Knossos
The Throne Room at the Palace of Knossos in Crete was a chamber built for sacred ceremonials during the 15th century BCE and was part of a larger complex that also included an anteroom and an inner chamber. The throne, made of alabaster and...
North Corridor of the Palace of Knossos
The sloping North Corridor leading to the Central Court of the Palace of Knossos (Crete) with the restored West Basion and its replica of the Charging Bull relief. In the background is the North Lustral Basin.
Minoan Royal Villa at Knossos
The Royal Villa is located northeast of the Palace of Knossos (Crete). It was built on the east slope of the hill of Knossos and consisted of a ground floor and two other floors which survive in relatively good condition.
Theatral Area & Royal Road of the Palace of Knossos
View of the Theatral Area of the Palace of Knossos (Crete) and the Royal Road right below.