Empress Irene was the wife of Leo IV and, on her husband's death, she reigned as regent for her son Constantine VI from 780 to 790 CE. From 797 to 802 CE she ruled as emperor in her own right, the first woman to do so in Byzantine history...
Map of Byzantine Constantinople
Topographical map of Constantinople during the Byzantine period. Main map source: R. Janin, Constantinople Byzantine. Developpement urbain et repertoire topographique. Road network and some other details based on Dumbarton Oaks Papers 54...
Thomas the Slav Attacks Constantinople
An illustration from a 12th century CE manuscript depicting Thomas the Slav besieging Constantinople 821-823 CE. (Madrid Skylitzes, National Library, Madrid)
Binbirderek Cistern, Constantinople
Part of the Binbirderek cistern or Cistern of Philoxenos under Istanbul (formerly Constantinople) first built in 330 CE to hold the city's water reserves which were fed by conduits and aqueducts.
Romanos I Lekapenos (“the Ignorant”) was emperor of the Byzantine Empire from 920 to 944 CE. Of Armenian descent, he was a military commander who usurped the throne to rule as co-emperor with the rightful heir, but still minor...
The Siege of Constantinople
A fresco depicting the siege of Constantinople in the 7th century CE, although the presence of canons clearly indicate it is based on the final and fatal siege of the city in 1453 CE. From the Church of Moldovita, Romania.
The Venetians Attack Constantinople, 1204 CE
A 16th century CE painting by Domenico Tintoretto depicting the Venetians attacking the sea walls of Constantinople in 1204 CE during the Fourth Crusade.
The Sack of Constantinople in 1204 CE
A 16th century CE painting by Palma Le Jeune depicting the attack on Constantinople in 1204 CE during the Fourth Crusade.
Siege of Constantinople, 717 CE
Illustration of Byzantine ships using Greek Fire against Umayyad invaders during the 717 CE Siege of Constantinople, by Zvonimir Grbasic. Courtesy of Medieval Warfare Magazine / Karwansaray Publishers.
Michael II the Amorion, also known as Michael “the Stammerer”, was emperor of the Byzantine Empire between 820 and 829 CE. He founded the short-lived Amorion dynasty, named after his hometown in Phrygia, which would last until...