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Athanaric
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Athanaric

Athanaric (died c. 381 CE) was a king of the Thervingi Goths (better known as the Visigoths) and, according to some sources, the first and greatest king. He was of the noble Balts family of the Thervingi tribe and a relative of the later...
Justinian II
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Justinian II

Justinian II “the Slit-nosed” ruled as emperor of the Byzantine Empire in two spells: from 685 to 695 CE and then again from 705 to 711 CE. It was after his first reign and prior to his exile that his nose was cut off by the usurper...
Women in the Byzantine Empire
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Women in the Byzantine Empire

Women in the Byzantine Empire (4th to 15th century CE) were, amongst the upper classes, largely expected to supervise the family home and raise children while those who had to work for a living did so in most of the industries of the period...
Constantine VII
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Constantine VII

Constantine VII was Byzantine emperor from 945 until 959 CE. Sometimes known as Constantine Porphyrogennetos because of his birth in the purple chamber of the royal palace, he was served by various regents from 912 CE until reigning in his...
Heraclius
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Heraclius

Heraclius (Herakleios) was emperor of the Byzantine Empire from 610 to 641 CE. He crushed the Persian empire and returned the looted True Cross to Jerusalem, but the second half of his reign was beset by intrigues and ecclesiastical controversies...
Emperor Zeno
Definitionby Michael Goodyear

Emperor Zeno

Zeno was Byzantine emperor from 474 until 491 CE. An ethnic Isaurian, Zeno was repeatedly criticized as an outsider during his reign, which was full of rebellions and attacks by the Ostrogoths. He is best known for his failed attempt to compromise...
Leo III
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Leo III

Leo III was emperor of the Byzantine Empire from 717 to 741 CE. He founded the Isaurian dynasty which ruled until 802 CE. The emperor was a talented administrator, and he revamped the empire's political apparatus and legal code. Leo's reign...
Anastasios I
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Anastasios I

Anastasios I ruled the Byzantine empire from 491 to 518 CE. Although his tax and monetary reforms were both popular and successful, the emperor could not repair the damaging split in the Christian Church created by his predecessors. He faced...
Mehmed II Conquers Constantinople
Imageby Jean-Joseph Benjamin-Constant

Mehmed II Conquers Constantinople

A 19th century CE painting by Benjamin-Constant depicting the triumphant entrance of Mehmed II, Ottoman Sultan, after his successful siege of Constantinople in 1453 CE.
The Gates of Constantinople
Imageby Fausto Zonaro

The Gates of Constantinople

Mehmed II enters Constantinople through the Adrianople Gate on his way to the Hagia Sophia, painting by Fausto Zonaro (1854-1929).