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Battles & Conquests Of The Ottoman Empire (1299-1683)
Articleby Syed Muhammad Khan

Battles & Conquests Of The Ottoman Empire (1299-1683)

Spanning across three continents and holding dominance over the Black and Mediterranean Seas, the Ottoman Sultanate (1299-1922) was a global military superpower between the 15th and 17th centuries. From the point of its inception in 1299...
Ottoman Empire
Definitionby Syed Muhammad Khan

Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Sultanate (1299-1922 CE as an empire; 1922-1924 CE as caliphate only), also referred to as the Ottoman Empire, written in Turkish as Osmanlı Devleti, was a Turkic imperial state that was conceived by and named after Osman (l...
Procopius on the Plague of Justinian: Text & Commentary
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Procopius on the Plague of Justinian: Text & Commentary

The Plague of Justinian (541-542 CE and onwards) is the first fully documented case of bubonic plague in history. It is named for the emperor of the Byzantine Empire at the time, Justinian I (r. 527-565 CE) and recorded by his court historian...
Columns of Basilica Cistern, Istanbul
Imageby Hagia Sophia Research Team

Columns of Basilica Cistern, Istanbul

Located across the Hagia Sophia Museum, Yerebatan Sarayi is also known as the Basilica Cistern because of a basilica that was once located nearby as a cultural centre. It is the largest surviving underground cistern of Istanbul. Fatih Cistern...
Hagia Sophia Ceiling
Imageby Tranxen

Hagia Sophia Ceiling

The interior nave of Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, first constructed 532-37 CE.
Hagia Sophia, Exterior
Imageby Hagia Sophia Research Team

Hagia Sophia, Exterior

Hagia Sophia from the Blue Mosque, Istanbul, Turkey. First constructed 532-537 CE.
Byzantine Ivory Diptych Panel
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Byzantine Ivory Diptych Panel

This is one of the largest surviving ivories from the Byzantine Empire. It comes from a hinged 2-leaf diptych, possibly used as a writing table. It shows an archangel holding an orb and sceptre. The style of his drapery is classical, but...
Byzantine Pastoral Mosaic
Imageby Hagia Sophia Research Team

Byzantine Pastoral Mosaic

Detail from the pastoral compositions in the Great Palace mosaics. The Great Palace Mosaic Museum was inaugurated in 1987 CE. The mosaics in the museum mostly depict animals and humans in nature, mythological, pastoral motifs and hunting...
Horses from the Hippodrome of Constantinople
Imageby Tteske

Horses from the Hippodrome of Constantinople

Four bronze horses which were once part of a chariot group which stood atop the monumental entrance gate of the Hippodrome of Constantinople. They are now in St. Mark's cathedral, Venice, Italy after being taken as booty in 1204 CE during...
Byzantine Panel with Archangel, c. 525-50
Videoby Smarthistory, Art History at Khan Academy

Byzantine Panel with Archangel, c. 525-50

More free lessons at: http://www.khanacademy.org/video?v=f7J0WQsajX8 Byzantine panel with archangel, Ivory leaf from diptych, c. 525-50, 16.8 x 5.6 x 0.35 in. (42.8 x 14.3 x 0.9 cm), probably from Constantinople (modern Istanbul, Turkey...