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The Differences Between Byzantine & Armenian Christianity
Articleby Michael Goodyear

The Differences Between Byzantine & Armenian Christianity

Although both the Byzantines and the Armenians were Christian, the types of Christianity they professed had important differences that led to a lack of recognition and tensions between the two groups and a considerable part of their relationship...
Greek Fire
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Greek Fire

Greek Fire was an incendiary weapon first used in Byzantine warfare in 678 CE. The napalm of ancient warfare, the highly flammable liquid was made of secret ingredients and used both in catapulted incendiary bombs and sprayed under pressure...
Isaac I Komnenos
Definitionby Michael Goodyear

Isaac I Komnenos

Isaac I Komnenos was the Byzantine emperor from 1057 to 1059 CE. Although his reign was brief, he was known for being a capable and militarily astute general and emperor. As the first emperor to lead troops himself in battle in over 30 years...
Hagia Sophia Panorama
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Hagia Sophia Panorama

The former cathedral and mosque Hagia Sophia, Istanbul (formerly Constantinople). Although some historians disagree (claiming Constantine laid the foundation), Constantius II is credited with building the first of three Hagia Sophias, the...
Trinity
Definitionby Rebecca Denova

Trinity

The Christian doctrine of the Trinity (from the Latin trinus, meaning "threefold") professes that there is one God, but three eternal and consubstantial persons (aspects): the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. The Father is the God of...
Byzantine coins of Heraclius
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Byzantine coins of Heraclius

Byzantine coins often show Christian symbols and an image of the Emperor. Here, Emperor Heraclius and his sons wear crowns and crosses. A cross also appear on the back. Gold solidus coins, minted in Constantinople, issued by the Byzantine...
The Second Crusaders Arrive in Constantinople
Imageby Jean Fouquet

The Second Crusaders Arrive in Constantinople

A 15th century CE painting by Jean Fouquet depicting the Second Crusaders (1147-49 CE), led by Louis VII and Conrad III, as they arrive at Constantinople.
Detail of a 6th Century CE Elephant Mosaic
Imageby Carole Raddato

Detail of a 6th Century CE Elephant Mosaic

Detail of a 6th century CE mosaic floor that used to decorate the pavement of the peristyle court of the Palatium Magnum, the Great Palace of Constantinople. The Great Palace Mosaic Museum houses mosaics from the Byzantine period, unearthed...
Eagle, Byzantine Mosaic.
Imageby Hagia Sophia Research Team

Eagle, Byzantine Mosaic.

Details from the pastoral compositions in the Great Palace mosaics, Istanbul, Turkey. Period: Early Byzantine, circa: 6th century CE. Place: Constantinople, (Modern Istanbul, Turkey). The Great Palace Mosaic Museum was inaugurated in...
Constantine’s Conversion to Christianity
Articleby Rebecca Denova

Constantine’s Conversion to Christianity

Constantine I (Flavius Valerius Constantinus) was Roman emperor from 306-337 CE and is known to history as Constantine the Great for his conversion to Christianity in 312 CE and his subsequent Christianization of the Roman Empire. His conversion...