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Sack of Rome (1527 CE)
Imageby Medieval Warfare Magazine / Karwansaray Publishers

Sack of Rome (1527 CE)

The Papal Swiss Guard make a last stand during the Sack of Rome in 1527 CE, illustrated by Zvonimir Grbasic. Courtesy of Medieval Warfare Magazine / Karwansaray Publishers.
Caesarea (North Africa)
Definitionby Donald L. Wasson

Caesarea (North Africa)

Caesarea was actually the name of three separate cities: one in Palestine, one in Cappadocia (Asia Minor), and one in Mauretania, present-day Algeria. The first city, Caesarea Palestinae, was built by Herod around 25 BCE and, like the other...
Lighthouse of Alexandria
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Lighthouse of Alexandria

The Lighthouse of Alexandria was built on the island of Pharos outside the harbour of Alexandria, Egypt c. 300 - 280 BCE, during the reigns of Ptolemy I and II. With a height of over 100 metres (330 ft), the lighthouse was so impressive that...
Artaxiad Dynasty
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Artaxiad Dynasty

The Artaxiad (Artashesian) dynasty ruled ancient Armenia from c. 200 BCE to the first decade of the 1st century CE. Founded by Artaxias I, the dynasty would ensure Armenia enjoyed a sustained period of prosperity and regional importance...
Causes of the Hundred Years' War
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Causes of the Hundred Years' War

The Hundred Years' War (1337-1453 CE) was an intermittent conflict fought between England and France that started when king Edward III of England (r. 1327-1377 CE) squabbled with Philip VI of France (r. 1328-1350 CE) over feudal rights concerning...
Lady Margaret Beaufort, National Portrait Gallery
Imageby National Portrait Gallery

Lady Margaret Beaufort, National Portrait Gallery

Portrait of Lady Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby at prayer. Late 17th Century CE. Oil on Panel. 686 mm x 549 mm (27 in x 21 5/8 in). (National Portrait Gallery)
The Economy of Ptolemaic Egypt
Articleby Arienne King

The Economy of Ptolemaic Egypt

Ptolemaic Egypt rapidly established itself as an economic powerhouse of the ancient world at the end of the 4th century BCE. The wealth of Egypt was owed in large part to the unrivalled fertility of the Nile, which served as the breadbasket...
Ten Ancient Rome Facts You Need to Know
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Ten Ancient Rome Facts You Need to Know

Ancient Roman culture affected vast numbers of people across the known world of its time, beginning with the rise of the Roman Republic (509-27 BCE) and throughout the duration of the Roman Empire (27 BCE - c. 476 CE in the West and 1453...
Dodekaschoinos
Definitionby Arienne King

Dodekaschoinos

The Dodekaschoinos (literally "Twelve Cities" in Greek) was the name of a region in Lower Nubia that became an important province of the Ptolemaic Kingdom after it was annexed from Meroitic Nubia by the Egyptian kingdom. The area...
Memphis (Ancient Egypt)
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Memphis (Ancient Egypt)

Memphis was one of the oldest and most important cities in ancient Egypt, located at the entrance to the Nile River Valley near the Giza plateau. It served as the capital of ancient Egypt and an important religious cult center. The original...
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