A marble bust of Pyrrhus, King of Epirus (r. 306 - 302 BCE and 297 - 272 BCE). Pyrrhus is considered one of history's greatest military commanders. (National Archaeological Museum, Naples)
WWI's Civilians, the Homefront, & an Uneasy Peace: Crash Course
World War I was a total war for millions of people in Europe. Many men were enlisted in the fighting, but the war work had implications for the daily lives of a huge number of Europeans. Women entered the workforce in huge numbers, and for...
World War II: Crash Course
Only a couple of decades after the end of the First World War—which was supposed to be the War that Ended All Wars—another, bigger, farther-flung, more destructive, and deadlier war began. Today, you'll learn about how the war in Europe progressed...
World War II Civilians & Soldiers: Crash Course
Our look at World War II continues with a closer examination of just how the war impacted soldiers in the field, and the people at home. For many of the combatants, the homefront and the warfront were one and the same. The war disrupted life...
World War I Battlefields: Crash Course
Europe's system of alliances and centuries-old tensions erupted into war in August of 1914 CE. This week on Crash Course Euro, we're talking about the military history of World War I, and taking a look at the broad strokes of how the war...
The Romans Flooded the Colosseum for Sea Battles - Janelle Peters
Dig in to the history of the Roman Empire’s staged gladiatorial naval battles and how they flooded the Colosseum to reenact famous battles. -- Starting in 80 CE, residents of Rome and visitors from across the Roman Empire would fill...
Trade in Ancient Celtic Europe
Trade in raw materials and manufactured goods in ancient Celtic Europe was vibrant and far-reaching, particularly regarding the centre of the continent where there was a hub of well-established trade routes. As the Celts' territory expanded...
The Mahabharata is an ancient Indian epic where the main story revolves around two branches of a family - the Pandavas and Kauravas - who, in the Kurukshetra War, battle for the throne of Hastinapura. Interwoven into this narrative are several...
Colonization in the Ancient Mediterranean
Colonization of the ancient Mediterranean had been taking place since the Bronze Age, especially with Minoan and Mycenaean expansion, but it was the Phoenicians from the 10th century CE that really took the whole idea to a new level...
Battle of Stamford Bridge
The Battle of Stamford Bridge in Yorkshire, England on 25 September 1066 CE saw an army led by English king Harold II (r. Jan-Oct 1066 CE) defeat an invading force led by Harald Hardrada, king of Norway (r. 1046-1066 CE). Hardrada, aided...