Hunting Mosaic, Carthage
This hunting scene from a mosaic pavement shows a horseman roping a stag. The pavement is one of a common North African type, depicting a favorite pastime of wealthy landowners. Since the horseman wears a Germanic dress, he has been identified...
Months & Seasons Mosaic, Carthage
Part of a segment of floor mosaic depicting July and a corner medallion of Summer wreathed with ears of corn. The figure of July stands picking mulberries from a glass bowl. From Carthage, modern-day Tunisia. Second half of the 4th century...
Seasons Mosaic, Carthage
The figure of March on this fragment of floor mosaic stands pointing at a swallow in a tree behind an altar. April holds a pair of castanets, dancing in front of an altar of Venus. From Carthage, modern-day Tunisia. Second half of the 4th...
Vases & Rainbow Mosaic, Carthage
Vases linked by rainbows with various animals and flowers in between on a fllor mosaic. Below the upper row of vases is a spring, inscribed Fontes, at which 2 animals are drinking. From Carthage, modern-day Tunisia. 4th or 5th century CE...
Deer Mosaic, Carthage
Tame deer drinking from an ornate fountain; this scene became popular in Early Christian art as symbolizing the fountain of life. From Carthage, modern-day Tunisia. 4th or 5th century CE. (The British Museum, London)
The Mediterranean island of Sicily, with its natural resources and strategic position on ancient trading routes, aroused the intense interest of successive empires from Carthage to Athens to Rome. Consequently, the island was never far from...
Carthaginian silver dishekel. The head has been identified as Hamilcar Barca (c. 285 – c. 228 BCE). Minted in Carthago Nova, Spain, 237-227 BCE.
The Seleucid Empire (312-63 BCE) was the vast political entity established by Seleucus I Nicator (“Victor” or “Unconquered”, l. c. 358-281 BCE, r. 305-281 BCE), one of the generals of Alexander the Great who claimed a part of his empire after...
Roman Naval Warfare
Military supremacy of the seas could be a crucial factor in the success of any land campaign, and the Romans well knew that a powerful naval fleet could supply troops and equipment to where they were most needed in as short a time as possible...
The Rise of Cities in the Ancient Mediterranean
The history of the ancient world has always been told as a history of cities, from Homer's epic poems about events just before and just after the sack of Troy, through the prose histories of wars between Athens and Sparta, Rome and Carthage...