Search Results: Byzantine Empire

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Warfare
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Warfare

Warfare is generally understood to be the controlled and systematic waging of armed conflict between sovereign nations or states, using military might and strategy, until one opponent is defeated on the field or sues for peace in the face...
Artaxiad Dynasty
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Artaxiad Dynasty

The Artaxiad (Artashesian) dynasty ruled ancient Armenia from c. 200 BCE to the first decade of the 1st century CE. Founded by Artaxias I, the dynasty would ensure Armenia enjoyed a sustained period of prosperity and regional importance...
The Legacy of Charles Martel & the Battle of Tours
Articleby Christopher L. Serafin

The Legacy of Charles Martel & the Battle of Tours

The Battle of Poitiers aka the Battle of Tours took place over roughly a week in early October of 732. The opposing sides consisted of a Frankish army led by Charles Martel (r. 718-741) against an invading Muslim army under the nominal sovereignty...
Carrack
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Carrack

The carrack (nao in Spanish, nau in Portuguese, and nef in French) was a type of large sailing vessel used for exploration, to carry cargo and as a warship in the 15th and 16th centuries. Famous carracks include the Santa Maria of Christopher...
Gupta Architecture
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Gupta Architecture

The Gupta Dynasty (4th-6th century) in North Central India saw the first purpose-built Hindu (and also Buddhist) temples which evolved from the earlier tradition of rock-cut shrines. Adorned with towers and elaborate carvings, these temples...
Sidon
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Sidon

Sidon is the Greek name (meaning 'fishery') for the ancient Phoenician port city of Sidonia (also known as Saida) in what is, today, Lebannon (located about 25 miles south of Beirut). Along with the city of Tyre, Sidon was the most powerful...
Trans-Saharan Trade Routes
Imageby Aa77zz

Trans-Saharan Trade Routes

A map indicating the major trans-Saharan trade routes across West Africa c. 1100-1500 CE. The darker yellow areas indicate gold fields.
Trans-Saharan Camel Caravan
Imageby Holger Reineccius

Trans-Saharan Camel Caravan

A trans-Saharan camel caravan carrying salt. Agadez to Bilma, Niger.
Cantino World Map
Imageby Unknown Artist

Cantino World Map

The 1502 Cantino World Map, acquired by Alberto Cantino from a Portuguese original in Lisbon. The map shows the world as then known to Europeans and indicates the line decided by the 1494 treaty of Tordesillas which demarcated two spheres...
Capital with Protom of Pegasus
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Capital with Protom of Pegasus

Pegasus, a mythical winged divine stallion, was a prominent creature in the Greek mythology. This marble capital depicts Pegasus. First half of the 6th century CE. Possibly from Kathisma, Hippodrome, Sultanahmet, in modern-day Turkey. (Museum...
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