Search Results: Aztec Civilization

Search

Religion in the Ancient World
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Religion in the Ancient World

Religion (from the Latin Religio, meaning 'restraint,' or Relegere, according to Cicero, meaning 'to repeat, to read again,' or, most likely, Religionem, 'to show respect for what is sacred') is an organized system of beliefs and practices...
Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli

Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, 'Dawn Lord,' was a Mesoamerican god who represented a menacing aspect of Venus, the morning star, and was one of the four gods which held up the sky. The people of the ancient Americas believed his rays could damage...
Aztec New Fire Ceremony
Imageby Unknown Artist

Aztec New Fire Ceremony

The lighting of fires during the Aztec New Fire Ceremony of 1507 CE, a ritual held every 52 years to ensure the continuation of the Sun. The priests carry fire bundles and wear turquoise masks in imitation of the fire god Xiuhtecuhtli, as...
Chavin Civilization
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Chavin Civilization

The Chavin civilization flourished between 900 and 200 BCE in the northern and central Andes and was one of the earliest pre-Inca cultures. The Chavin religious centre Chavin de Huantar became an important Andean pilgrimage site, and Chavin...
Temple Mayor, Tenochtitlan
Imageby Wolfgang Sauber

Temple Mayor, Tenochtitlan

A model reconstruction of the Temple Mayor at the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan. In use from the 14th to early 16th century CE, the huge pyramid was topped by two temples, one dedicated to Tlaloc, the god of rain (north side), the other to...
Hernán Cortés
Imageby Unknown Artist

Hernán Cortés

A 19th century CE engraving of Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés (1485–1547 CE) conqueror of the Aztec Empire in the early 16th century CE. (Book of America, R. Cronau)
Cortés & the Siege of Tenochtitlan
Imageby Unknown Artist

Cortés & the Siege of Tenochtitlan

A 17th-century CE oil painting depicting the Spanish Conquistadores led by Hernán Cortés besieging the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan in 1519 CE. (Jay I. Kislak Collection)
Headdress of Motecuhzoma II
Imageby Jonathan

Headdress of Motecuhzoma II

The headdress of Motecuhzoma II, Aztec ruler 1502-1520 CE. Although there is no evidence that it was ever worn by Motecuhzoma the headdress may have been amongst the gifts he gave to Cortés, who in turn passed them on to Charles V. This is...
Xiuhtecuhtli
Imageby bathporeia

Xiuhtecuhtli

A turquoise mosaic mask representing Xiuhtecuhtli, the Aztec god of fire, 1400-1521 CE. The mask is of cedar wood with mother-of-pearl eyes, conch shell teeth and once with gold leaf on the eyelids. (The British Museum, London).
Aztec Agriculture
Imageby Peter Isotalo

Aztec Agriculture

An illustration from the Florentine Codex depicting Aztecs storing maize.
Membership