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The Art of Dialectic & Zeno of Elea
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

The Art of Dialectic & Zeno of Elea

The creation of the art of dialectic is credited to Zeno of Elea, the philosophical champion of Parmenides’ claim that the essence of reality is One and unchanging. Zeno was Parmenides’ student and protégé and, in defending and defining his...
Carthage and its Harbour
Imageby The Creative Assembly

Carthage and its Harbour

This is a 3D rendition of what Carthage might have looked like at the height of its power. In the foreground you can see the Cothon, the city's famous military harbour.
Carthage during the Punic Wars
Imageby Javierfv1212

Carthage during the Punic Wars

Map of the Carthaginian Empire and its losses during the Punic Wars.
Carthaginian Sacred Band Hoplite
Imageby Aldo Ferruggia

Carthaginian Sacred Band Hoplite

A Carthaginian hoplite from the Sacred Band, the army corps composed of Carthaginian citizens. Taken from a coin of Syracuse, 4th century BCE.
Aspasia of Miletus (Artist's Impression)
Imageby Ubisoft

Aspasia of Miletus (Artist's Impression)

A 3D render of what Aspasia of Miletus, consort to Pericles, may have looked like. This is how Aspasia is depicted in the video game Assassin's Creed Odyssey by Ubisoft.
Alexander the Great
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Alexander the Great

Alexander III of Macedon, better known as Alexander the Great (l. 21 July 356 BCE – 10 or 11 June 323 BCE, r. 336-323 BCE), was the son of King Philip II of Macedon (r. 359-336 BCE) who became king upon his father's death in 336 BCE and then...
Minoan Civilization
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Minoan Civilization

The Minoan civilization flourished in the Middle Bronze Age (c. 2000 - c. 1500 BCE) on the island of Crete located in the eastern Mediterranean. With their unique art and architecture, and the spread of their ideas through contact with other...
Ancient Crete
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Ancient Crete

Crete is an island in the eastern Mediterranean which during the Bronze Age produced the influential Minoan civilization with its distinctive architecture and art. An important member of the Greek world in the Archaic period, Crete dipped...
Greek Mathematics
Articleby Cristian Violatti

Greek Mathematics

The mathematicians of ancient Greece made a hugely significant contribution to world thought and all practical subjects which depend on that intellectual basis, from geometry to engineering, astronomy to design. Influenced initially by...
Hercules and Alcestis: Personal Excellence & Social Duty
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Hercules and Alcestis: Personal Excellence & Social Duty

For the ancient Greeks, the quality of arete (personal excellence) and the concept of eusebia (social duty) were most important. Aristotle discusses both of these at length in his Nichomachean Ethics and relates arete to eudaimonia - translated...
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