Catholic Counter-Reformation: Crash Course


John Horgan
by CrashCourse
published on 10 April 2021
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When the Protestant Reformation broke out in Western Europe, the Catholic Church got the message, at least a little bit. Pope Paul III called a council to look into reforming some aspects of the Catholic Church and try to stem the tide of competing Christian sects popping up all over the place. The Council of Trent changed some aspects of the organization, but doubled down on a lot of the practices that Martin Luther and other reformers had a problem with. Today you'll learn about the Council of Trent, the rise of the Jesuits, and Saint Teresa of Avila.


The Jesuits and Globalization. Historical Legacies and Contemporary Challenges. Thomas Banchoff and José Casanova, eds. (Washington DC: Georgetown University Press, 2016.

Rudolph Bell, “Teresa of Avila,” in Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History, Bonnie G. Smith, ed. New York: Oxford University Press 2008), 4: 213-214.

Natalie Z. Davis, Women on the Margins: Three Seventeenth-Century Lives (Cambridge: Harvard University Press,

Lynn Hunt et al., Making of the West: Peoples and Cultures. Boston: Bedford St. Martin’s, 2019.

Benoit Vermander, “Jesuits and China,” Oxford Handbooks Online, April 2015.

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CrashCourse, . (2021, April 10). Catholic Counter-Reformation: Crash Course. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

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CrashCourse, . "Catholic Counter-Reformation: Crash Course." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified April 10, 2021.

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CrashCourse, . "Catholic Counter-Reformation: Crash Course." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 10 Apr 2021. Web. 21 Oct 2021.