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The Japanese Heian Period: Court Women
Videoby Codie Marie Gonzales

The Japanese Heian Period: Court Women

This video explains how court women lived during the Heian period in Japan.
Faces of Ancient Near Eastern Women
Videoby El Cid Al-Moussawi

Faces of Ancient Near Eastern Women

This video is a slideshow of pictures of various artifacts and artworks that detail the visage of ancient Near Eastern women, most of which are royalty. Locations include: Mesopotamia (Sumer and Akkad), Arabia, Phoenicia (Lebanon) and Elam...
Love, Sex, and Marriage in Ancient Mesopotamia
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Love, Sex, and Marriage in Ancient Mesopotamia

Medical texts from ancient Mesopotamia provide prescriptions and practices for curing all manner of ailments, wounds, and diseases. There was one malady, however, which had no cure: passionate love. From a medical text found in Ashurbanipal's...
Hildegard of Bingen
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Hildegard of Bingen

Hildegard of Bingen (also known as Hildegarde von Bingen, l. 1098-1179 CE) was a Christian mystic, Benedictine abbess, and polymath proficient in philosophy, musical composition, herbology, medieval literature, cosmology, medicine, biology...
Effects of the Black Death on Europe
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Effects of the Black Death on Europe

The outbreak of plague in Europe between 1347-1352 CE – known as the Black Death – completely changed the world of medieval Europe. Severe depopulation upset the socio-economic feudal system of the time but the experience of the...
Love, Sex, and Marriage in Ancient Egypt
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Love, Sex, and Marriage in Ancient Egypt

Although marriages in ancient Egypt were arranged for communal stability and personal advancement, there is ample evidence that romantic love was as important to the people as it is to those in the present day. Romantic love was a popular...
Ancient Roman Society
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Roman Society

Rome began as a small city on the banks of the Tiber River in Italy. The Latin tribes (also known as the Latini or Latians) inhabited the region c. 1000 BCE but the founding of the city is dated to 753 BCE. They were a patrilineal society...
Seshat
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Seshat

Seshat (also given as Sefkhet-Abwy and Seshet) is the Egyptian goddess of the written word. Her name literally means "female scribe" and she is regularly depicted as a woman wearing a leopard skin draped over her robe with a headdress...
Daily Life in Medieval Japan
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Daily Life in Medieval Japan

Daily life in medieval Japan (1185-1606 CE) was, for most people, the age-old struggle to put food on the table, build a family, stay healthy, and try to enjoy the finer things in life whenever possible. The upper classes had better and more...
Love, Sex, & Marriage in Ancient Rome
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Love, Sex, & Marriage in Ancient Rome

Love, sex, and marriage in ancient Rome were defined by the patriarchy. The head of the household was the father (the pater familias) who had complete control over the lives of his wife, children, and slaves. This paradigm was justified...