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Roman Triumph
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Roman Triumph

A Roman triumph was a spectacular celebration parade held in the ancient city of Rome for a military commander who had won an important victory on the battlefield. Granted by the Senate, it was a lavish and entertaining propaganda spectacle...
Enemies of Rome in the 3rd Century CE
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Enemies of Rome in the 3rd Century CE

It has been said that the greatest enemy of Rome was Rome itself, and this is certainly true of the period known as the Crisis of the Third Century (also known as the Imperial Crisis, 235-284 CE). During this time of almost 50 years, over...
Roman Mills
Articleby Victor Labate

Roman Mills

The Romans constructed mills for use in agriculture, mining and construction. Around the 3rd century BCE, the first mills were used to grind grain. Later developments and breakthroughs in milling technology expanded their use to crushing...
Virtual Rome: an Interview with Dr. Matthew Nicholls
Videoby Ancient History Encyclopedia

Virtual Rome: an Interview with Dr. Matthew Nicholls

Dr. Matthew Nicholls from the University of Reading sat down with James Lloyd, AHE's Video Editor, to discuss his Virtual Rome project. This project recreates the city of Rome c.317 CE, including vast public buildings such as the Colosseum...
Roman Society - Text & True/False
Worksheet/Activityby Marion Wadowski

Roman Society - Text & True/False

This activity has been designed to fit a 20-minute slot for your class. Students have to complete a true/false table, based on a text. It is part of our Ancient Rome Society and Government pack where you can find: Complete lesson...
Legions of the Dacian Wars
Articleby Donald L. Wasson

Legions of the Dacian Wars

The Dacian Wars started after Decebalus (r. c. 87-106 CE) raided the Roman province of Moesia in 85 CE. Emperor Domitian's (r. 81-96 CE) Dacian campaigns in 86-87 CE reached an uneasy peace, but the conflict was renewed under the reign of...
Pantheon
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Pantheon

The Pantheon (Latin: pantheum) is the best-preserved building from ancient Rome and was completed in c. 125 CE. Its magnificent concrete dome is a lasting testimony to the genius of Roman architects and as the building stands virtually intact...
Caryatid
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Caryatid

Caryatid is the name given to an architectural column which takes the form of a standing female figure. The first examples come from ancient Greek architecture and indeed, the most celebrated examples are found in the south porch of the Erechtheion...
Roman Tunnels
Articleby Victor Labate

Roman Tunnels

The first tunnels in the Mediterranean were built to transport water from distant springs and mountains to arid areas and cities. They also ensured the constant supply of water when cities were under siege. For example, the 533 m (583 yards...
Circus Maximus
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Circus Maximus

The Circus Maximus was a chariot racetrack in Rome constructed in the 6th century BCE. Used for other events such as the Roman Games and gladiator fights, it last hosted chariot races in the 6th century. Partially excavated in the 20th century...