Ancient History Encyclopedia has a new name!

We are now World History Encyclopedia to better reflect the breadth of our non-profit organization's mission. If you have bookmarks or links to our site on your blog or website, please update them. Learn More

The Etruscans: A Population-Genetic Study

Article

Jan van der Crabben
by Cristiano Vernesi et al.
published on 01 February 2012
Send to Google Classroom:
X

The origins of the Etruscans, a non-Indo-European population of preclassical Italy, are unclear. There is broad agreement that their culture developed locally, but the Etruscans' evolutionary and migrational relationships are largely unknown. In this study, we determined mitochondrial DNA sequences in multiple clones derived from bone samples of 80 Etruscans who lived between the 7th and the 3rd centuries b.c. In the first phase of the study, we eliminated all specimens for which any of nine tests for validation of ancient DNA data raised the suspicion that either degradation or contamination by modern DNA might have occurred. On the basis of data from the remaining 30 individuals, the Etruscans appeared as genetically variable as modern populations. No significant heterogeneity emerged among archaeological sites or time periods, suggesting that different Etruscan communities shared not only a culture but also a mitochondrial gene pool. Genetic distances and sequence comparisons show closer evolutionary relationships with the eastern Mediterranean shores for the Etruscans than for modern Italian populations. All mitochondrial lineages observed among the Etruscans appear typically European or West Asian, but only a few haplotypes were found to have an exact match in a modern mitochondrial database, raising new questions about the Etruscans' fate after their assimilation into the Roman state.

American Journal of Human Genetics, Vol.74:4 (2004)

Editorial Review This article has been reviewed for accuracy, reliability and adherence to academic standards prior to publication.

Written by Cristiano Vernesi et al., linked by Jan van der Crabben, published 01 February 2012. Source URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1181945/pdf/AJHGv74p694.pdf.

Disclaimer: World History Encyclopedia claims no authorship, intellectual property, or copyright on the material below. It is used solely for non-profit educational purposes, and none of the data is stored on our servers. If you want this content to be removed from the site, please contact us.

Remove Ads

Advertisement

Translations

We want people all over the world to learn about history. Help us and translate this article into another language!

Support Our
Non-Profit Organization

World History Encyclopedia is a non-profit organization. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide.

Become a Member  

Recommended Books

Sorry, we haven't been able to find any books on the subject.
 

Cite This Work

APA Style

al., C. V. e. (2012, February 01). The Etruscans: A Population-Genetic Study. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/article/320/the-etruscans-a-population-genetic-study/

Chicago Style

al., Cristiano Vernesi et. "The Etruscans: A Population-Genetic Study." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified February 01, 2012. https://www.worldhistory.org/article/320/the-etruscans-a-population-genetic-study/.

MLA Style

al., Cristiano Vernesi et. "The Etruscans: A Population-Genetic Study." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 01 Feb 2012. Web. 18 May 2021.