Visual Timeline: Syria

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

6000 BCE 5500 BCE 5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE 1000 CE  
6000 BCE: Settlement of Tell Brak founded in Syria.
3000 BCE: Trade already established between Syria and Egypt.
3000 BCE: City of Ebla founded in Syria.
3000 BCE - 2900 BCE: Mari, the earliest known planned city, is built near the eastern bank of the Euphrates.
3000 BCE - 2300 BCE: The Semitic Kish culture is dominant in the area of modern-day Syria. This culure is exemplified by Ebla and the Cities I and II of Mari.
2334 BCE - 2279 BCE: Reign of Sargon the Great of Akkad who conquers Syria.
2240 BCE: Naram-Sin of Akkad campaigns against the Amorites in northern Syria.
1344 BCE - 1322 BCE: Reign of the Hittite king Suppiluliuma I. Hittites conquer Syria.
1274 BCE: Battle of Kadesh between Pharaoh Ramesses II of Egypt and King Muwatalli II of the Hittites.
1245 BCE: Assyrian king Tukulti-Ninurta I defeats Hittites at Nihriya. Assyrians rule Syria.
1200 BCE: Region of Syria invaded by Sea Peoples.
912 BCE - 612 BCE: Syria is part of the Neo-Assyrian Empire.
605 BCE - 549 BCE: Babyon rules over Syria.
549 BCE - 300 BCE: The Persian Achaemenid Empire rules Syria.
332 BCE: Alexander the Great conquers Phoenicia and turns toward Egypt.
312 BCE - 83 BCE: Syria under the rule of Seleucid Empire.
274 BCE - 271 BCE: The first Syrian war, marking the beginning of the contest between the Ptolemies and the Seleucids for Phoenicia and Coele-Syria.
83 BCE: Tigranes the Great of Armenia liberates Syria and rules the region.
64 BCE: Pompey the Great claims Syria for Rome.
63 BCE: Jerash in Jordan becomes part of the Roman province of Syria.
66 CE - 73 CE: Syrian troops participate in the First Jewish-Roman War.
115 CE - 116 CE: Roman Empire annexes Syria.
125 CE - 180 CE: Life of the Rhetorician and Satirist Lucian of Samosata, an Hellenized Syrian writing in Attic Greek during the Second Sophistic.
132 CE - 136 CE: Syrian troops under Rome suppress the Bar Kokhba Revolt.
476 CE: Fall of the Western Roman Empire. Syria continues under Eastern (Byzantine)Empire.
637 CE: Muslim forces defeat the Byzantine army. Syria becomes part of Rashidun Caliphate.
970 CE: The Treaty of Safar makes Aleppo a client state of the Byzantine Empire.
975 CE: John I Tzimiskes invades Syria, conquering several cities and forcing neighboring Muslim states such as Damascus to pay tribute to the Byzantines.
1141 CE: The Assassins occupy Masyaf castle in Syria.
1259 CE: The Mongols besiege and capture Aleppo in Syria.
6000 BCE 5000 BCE 4000 BCE 3000 BCE 2000 BCE 1000 BCE 0 CE