Visual Timeline: Susa

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4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE 1000 CE  
4200 BCE: Founding of the city of Susa.
3200 BCE - 2700 BCE: Susa develops from an earlier settlement during the Proto-Elamite Period.
2700 BCE - 1600 BCE: Susa establishes commerce and trade during the Old Elamite Period; is conquered by Kish, Akkad, Ur, and Babylon.
1600 BCE - 1100 BCE: Susa flourishes during the Middle Elamite Period; consolidates power.
1275 BCE - 1240 BCE: Reign of Untash-Napirisha from Susa; construction of the Great Ziggurat of Dur-Untash.
1210 BCE - 1100 BCE: Susa prospers under the Shutrukid Dynasty.
1185 BCE - 1150 BCE: Reign of Shutruk Nakhunte who founds Elamite Empire from Susa.
1100 BCE - 540 BCE: Neo-Elamite Period during which Susa is conquered by a series of foreign powers; Elamite history ends with conquest by Cyrus the Great.
646 BCE: Destruction of the Elamite city of Susa by Ashurbanipal of the Neo-Assyrian Empire
465 BCE - 424 BCE: Susa is destroyed by fire under the reign of King Artaxerxes I.
404 BCE - 358 BCE: Reign of Artaxerxes II Mnemon of the Achaemenid Persian Empire.
331 BCE: Susa surrenders without contest to Alexander the Great who sacks it.
312 BCE - 63 BCE: Susa is part of the Seleucid Empire.
247 BCE - 224 CE: Susa serves as one of two capitals under the Parthian Empire.
224 CE - 651 CE: Susa declines under the reign of the Sasanian Empire.
309 CE - 379 CE: Reign of Shapur II of the Sasanian Empire; Susa is sacked and population deported.
638 CE: Susa is sacked and destroyed by Muslim invaders under Caliph Omar.
1218 CE: Susa is completely destroyed by invading Mongols.
4500 BCE 3500 BCE 2500 BCE 1500 BCE 500 BCE 500 CE