Visual Timeline: Lydia

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

1200 BCE 1100 BCE 1000 BCE 900 BCE 800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE 600 CE  
1200 BCE: Lydia arises as a Neo-Hittite kingdom.
1185 BCE - 687 BCE: Heraclid dynasty rules Lydia.
700 BCE - 546 BCE: The Mermnad dynasty rules Lydia.
687 BCE - 546 BCE: Mermnad dynasty rules Lydia.
687 BCE - 652 BCE: King Gyges rules Lydia and expands its borders. Sardis becomes Lydian capital.
625 BCE: Lydia drives back the Cimmerians and conquers Phrygia.
609 BCE - 560 BCE: Reign of Alyattes of Lydia. Minting of first coins made from electrum.
600 BCE: Gordium becomes part of Lydia.
585 BCE: A battle between Media and Lydia broke off immediately as a result a total eclipse of the sun and the two armies made peace. The eclipse was successfully predicted by Thales of Miletus.
560 BCE - 547 BCE: Reign of Croesus of Lydia.
560 BCE: The oracles of Delphi and Thebes both tell King Croesus of Lydia that if he attacks the Medes, he will destroy a great empire. Seeing this as a good omen, he goes to war, loses, and the Lydian Empire is destroyed.
550 BCE - 430 BCE: Construction of the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
498 BCE: Ionians and Greek allies invade and burn Sardis (capital of Lydia).
334 BCE: Sardis surrenders to Alexander the Great.
280 BCE: Lydia becomes a part of the Seleucid Empire.
133 BCE: Lydia and its captial Sardis comes under Roman rule.
17 BCE: An earthquake destroys 12 cities in Lydia and affects Sardis.
124 CE: Roman emperor Hadrian visits Lydia.
215 CE: Roman emperor Caracalla visits Lydia.
616 CE: Sardis' civc life comes to an end. A Persian army penetrates the Roman defensive lines that had been deployed in eastern Anatolia. Soon after, part of that region falls to the Persians, including Sardis.
1200 BCE 1000 BCE 800 BCE 600 BCE 400 BCE 200 BCE 0 CE 200 CE 400 CE