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1250 BCE - 1200 BCE: Hebrew tribes settle Canaan.
1250 BCE - 1150 BCE: Destruction of many Canaanite towns hints at a possible invasion of the Israelites into Canaan.
1080 BCE: Rise of the kingdom of Israel.
1080 BCE - 1010 BCE: Saul reigns as the first king of Israel.
1035 BCE - 970 BCE: Life of King David, second king of the United Kingdom of Israel.
1000 BCE: David captures Jerusalem.
965 BCE - 931 BCE: Solomon is king of Israel.
950 BCE: Solomon builds the first Temple of Jerusalem.
841 BCE: Israel pays tribute to Assyria.
722 BCE: Israel is conquered by Assyria.
722 BCE: The upper class in Israel, the Northern Kingdom, is exiled by the Assyrians.
586 BCE: Babylonian Captivity - The Southern Kingdom (Judah) was destroyed by the Babylonians, who destroyed Jerusalem and the Temple.
539 BCE: Persian Domination - Cyrus of Persia defeats the Babylonians; instructs the Jews to return to their homeland to rebuild.
37 BCE: Herod the Great is made governor of Galilee.
37 BCE: Herod the Great retakes Jerusalem from the Parthians.
9 BCE: Herod the Great wages war against Nabataea.
516 CE: The temple in Jerusalem, destroyed in 586 BCE by the Babylonians, is rebuilt.