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2334 BCE - 2279 BCE: Reign of Sargon of Akkad, Akkadian outpost build at site of future city of Ashur.
1900 BCE: Ashur, capial of Assyria, is founded.
1813 BCE - 1791 BCE: Reign of Shamashi Adad I, Ashur flourishes.
1792 BCE - 1750 BCE: Reign of Hammurabi of Babylon, Ashur becomes vassal state.
1740 BCE - 1350 BCE: Ashur is vassal state of the Kingdom of Mitanni.
1353 BCE - 1318 BCE: King Ashur-Ubalit I frees Assyria from Mitanni rule.
1307 BCE - 1275 BCE: Adad Nirari I conquers Hittites, Ashur is capital of Assyrian Empire.
1244 BCE - 1208 BCE: Reign of Tukulti-Ninurta I, Ashur renovated. Kar-Tukulti-Ninurta built across from city.
1115 BCE - 1076 BCE: Reign of Tiglath Pileser I who issues law code from Ashur.
912 BCE - 891 BCE: Ashur prospers under the reign of Adad Nirari II.
884 BCE - 859 BCE: Reign of Ashurnasirpal II, capital moved from Ashur to Kalhu (Nimrud).
879 BCE - 627 BCE: Ashur remains an important spiritual center for Assyria, though no longer the capital.
612 BCE: Ashur destroyed by fire in the sack of the Assyrian cities by Medes, Persians, and Babylonians.