Visual Timeline: Tympanon

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1700 BCE 1600 BCE 1500 BCE 1400 BCE 1300 BCE 1200 BCE 1100 BCE 1000 BCE 900 BCE 800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE  
1700 BCE: The earliest written hint to a hand-drum: the Jewish tof played by Moses’s sister, Miriam, in Exodus.
750 BCE: The earliest depiction of the tympanon on a bronze disc found in the Idaean Cave in Crete.
575 BCE: Scythian Philosopher Anacharsis plays the tympanon in his celebration of the Eleusinian Mysteries, as accounted by Herodotus.
525 BCE: The tympanon first appears on Greek pottery.
499 BCE - 456 BCE: Aeschylus in The Edonians tells of the bull-roaring sound of the tympanon in the rites of the moon goddess, Kotys.
405 BCE: Euripides in The Bacchai has Dionysos tell us how the tympanon was invented by him and his Mother Goddess, Rhea.
205 BCE: The tympanon is adopted by the Romans together with the cult of Magna Mater.
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