Visual Timeline: Spanish Main

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

1490 CE 1500 CE 1510 CE 1520 CE 1530 CE 1540 CE 1550 CE 1560 CE 1570 CE 1580 CE 1590 CE 1600 CE 1610 CE 1620 CE 1630 CE 1640 CE 1650 CE 1660 CE 1670 CE 1680 CE 1690 CE 1700 CE 1710 CE 1720 CE 1730 CE 1740 CE 1750 CE 1760 CE 1770 CE 1780 CE 1790 CE 1800 CE 1810 CE  
1492 CE - 1493 CE: First Voyage of Christopher Columbus to the New World in three ships in an attempt to establish maritime trade routes to the East.
1494 CE: A Spanish settlement is founded at La Isabela on the island of Hispaniola.
1494 CE: Portugal and Spain sign the Treaty of Tordesillas which divides the world into two spheres of influence.
1498 CE: The Spanish settlement of Santo Domingo on Hispaniola is founded.
1508 CE: The Spanish first settle on Puerto Rico.
1510 CE: The Spanish found Nombre de Dios in Panama.
1511 CE: The Spanish first settle on Cuba.
1519 CE: The Spanish found the city of Panama.
1519 CE: Veracruz, Mexico is founded by Hernán Cortés.
1519 CE: Motecuhzoma II receives Hernán Cortés at the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan.
1520 CE - 1789 CE: Spanish treasure fleets transport the riches of the Americas to Spain.
1521 CE: The Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan falls into the hands of Spanish forces led by Hernán Cortés.
1522 CE: Jean de Fleury (aka Florin) captures three Spanish treasure ships off Cape Vincent.
1523 CE: Hernán Cortés is appointed the first governor of the colony of New Spain (Mexico).
1530 CE: The first Spanish galleons come into operation.
1532 CE: Francsico Pizarro and the Spanish conquistadors arrive in South America.
1532 CE: Battle of Cajamarca where the Inca leader Atahualpa is captured and held for ransom by Spanish forces led by Francisco Pizarro.
1533 CE: Francisco Pizarro takes the Inca capital of Cuzco.
1535 CE: Don Antonio de Mendoza is made the first viceroy of New Spain (Mexico and Central America).
1543 CE: The Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru (the former Inca territory) is established.
1555 CE: Captain-General Pedro Menendez de Avilés begins a system of large and escorted convoys for the Spanish treasure fleets.
1555 CE: The French privateer Jacques de Sores brutally attacks Havana.
1565 CE - 1815 CE: The Manila galleons each year take eastern trade goods from Manila to Acapulco (and return with American silver).
1567 CE - 1568 CE: John Hawkins and Francis Drake lead an expedition to transport slaves from west Africa to the Spanish West Indies. The fleet is attacked at San Juan de Ulúa.
1572 CE - 1573 CE: Francis Drake explores Panama and seizes a Spanish silver mule train.
1573 CE: Spanish royal regulations are issued on town planning in Spanish America.
1579 CE: Francis Drake captures the Spanish treasure ship Nuestra Señora de la Concepción (aka Cacafuego).
1585 CE - 1587 CE: Sir Francis Drake attacks Spanish vessels and ports in the Spanish Main.
1595 CE: John Hawkins and Francis Drake lead an unsuccessful expedition against Spanish ships and settlements in Panama and the Caribbean.
1596 CE: Portobelo replaces Nombre de Dios as the chief Atlantic port in Panama.
1596 CE: Sir Francis Drake dies of dysentery at Portobelo, Panama.
1599 CE: Dutch ships begin to take salt from Araya on the coast of Venezuela.
1620 CE - 1697 CE: Buccaneers operate in the Caribbean and attack both ports and ships along the Spanish Main.
1620 CE: Buccaneers begin to camp and hunt illegally in the western part of Hispaniola (modern Haiti).
1622 CE: The Nuestra Señora de Atocha Spanish treasure ship is wrecked in a storm off the Florida Keys.
1628 CE: A Dutch force led by Admiral Hein captures the entire New Spain treasure fleet on its way to Havana.
1630 CE: Tortuga becomes a major buccaneer base.
1642 CE: The French engineer Jean Le Vasseur builds a fortress on Tortuga.
1657 CE: Edward D'Oyley, Governor of Jamaica, encourages buccaneers of several nationalities to make Port Royal their base.
1664 CE: The buccaneer Henry Morgan attacks Villahermosa on the Spanish Main.
1665 CE: The buccaneer Henry Morgan attacks Tabasco and Gran Granada on the Spanish Main.
1667 CE: François L'Olonais leads a buccaneer force which attacks Venezuela on the Spanish Main.
1667 CE - 1668 CE: François L'Olonais leads a buccaneer force which attacks Honduras on the Spanish Main.
1668 CE: A buccaneer force led by Henry Morgan attacks and captures Portobelo on the Spanish Main.
1669 CE: A buccaneer force led by Henry Morgan captures the port of Maracaibo. on the Spanish Main.
1671 CE: A buccaneer force led by Henry Morgan attacks and captures the port of Panama on the Spanish Main.
1672 CE: The buccaneer Henry Morgan is arrested and sent to London for his unlawful attack on Panama on the Spanish Main.
1674 CE: Sir Henry Morgan is appointed Lieutenant Governor of Port Royal.
1680 CE: Bartholomew Sharp leads buccaneer raids on the Pacific coast of the Spanish Main.
1681 CE: The Jamaican authorities prohibit piracy.
1681 CE: The Nuestra Señora de Encarnación Spanish treasure ship is wrecked in a storm off the coast of Panama.
1683 CE: Laurens De Graaf leads a buccaneer attack on Veracruz on the Spanish Main.
1684 CE: The Buccaneers of America by Alexander Oliver Exquemelin is published in English.
1684 CE - 1688 CE: Edward Davis leads buccaneer attacks on the Pacific coast of the Spanish Main.
1697 CE: The conquest of the Maya Civilization completed by the Spanish conquistador Martín de Ursúa.
1697 CE: The last great buccaneer operation captures Cartagena on the Spanish Main.
1697 CE: The Peace of Ryswick signed between France, Spain, England, and the Netherlands effectively ends buccaneering in the Caribbean.
1710 CE: The English privateer Woodes Rogers captures the Manila galleon Nuestra Señora de la Encarnación Disengaño.
1739 CE: The Spanish Viceroyalty of New Granada (Venezuela and Colombia) is established.
1763 CE: The Treaty of Paris sees Spain cede Florida to Britain.
1800 CE: Louisiana is ceded to France by the Spanish.
1490 CE 1530 CE 1570 CE 1610 CE 1650 CE 1690 CE 1730 CE 1770 CE