Visual Timeline: Rome

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE 600 CE 700 CE  
 
 
753 BCE: The legendary founding date of Rome.
 
753 BCE - 510 BCE: Regal Period of ancient Rome from Founding to Birth of the Republic.
 
750 BCE - 510 BCE: The (semi-mythological) seven kings of Rome: Romulus, Numa Pompilius, Tulus Hostilius, Ancus Marcius, Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, Servius Tullius, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus.
 
 
620 BCE: Posible founding date for Ostia, the port of Rome.
 
599 BCE - 500 BCE: The traditional date when the Circus Maximus of Rome is first laid out.
 
 
534 BCE - 510 BCE: Reign of Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, last king of Rome.
 
 
510 BCE - 509 BCE: First treaty between Rome and Carthage.
 
 
509 BCE: Foundation of the Roman Republic.
 
 
508 BCE: Lars Porsenna, Etruscan king of Chiusi, lays siege to Rome.
 
 
504 BCE: Migration of Claudii from Sabine lands to Rome.
 
499 BCE: Battle of Lake Regillus between Rome and the Latin League.
 
 
497 BCE: The first temple dedicated to Saturn is constructed in the Forum Romanum of Rome.
 
 
495 BCE: Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, last king of Rome, dies in exile at Cumae.
 
 
495 BCE: A temple is built in honour of Mercury near Rome's Circus Maximus.
 
494 BCE: Traditional date the office of the tribuni plebis is created in Rome.
 
 
493 BCE: Foedus Cassianus - treaty by Spurius Cassius Vecellinus with the Latin League after the Battle of Lake Regillus.
 
 
484 BCE: The first temple of the Dioscuri (Castor & Pollux) is dedicated in Rome's Forum Romanum by Aulus Postumius following his victory over the Latins at the Battle of Lake Regillus.
 
451 BCE - 450 BCE: Decemvirate and Publication of Twelve Tables of Roman Law.
 
400 BCE: Roman tale of mythical twins Romulus and Remus first recorded.
 
 
394 BCE: Etruscan Volsinii and their ally Sappinum unsuccessfully attacks Rome.
 
390 BCE: "Gallic Catastrophe:" Brennus of the Senones defeats the Romans at Allia, and subsequently sacks Rome.
 
390 BCE: Gauls sack Rome.
 
380 BCE: Rebuilding of Rome. Strong walls around the seven hills.
 
343 BCE - 341 BCE: First Samnite War (Rome vs. Samnites).
 
340 BCE - 338 BCE: Latin War, victory for Rome.
 
326 BCE - 304 BCE: Second Samnite War.
 
 
321 BCE: The Via Appia, a famous Roman road, is constructed.
 
298 BCE - 290 BCE: Third Samnite War between Rome and the Samnite people.
 
295 BCE: Roman victory over Samnites, Gauls and Umbrians at Sentinum.
 
 
292 BCE: The Romans adopt the Greek god of medicine Asclepius by stealing his sacred snake from Epidaurus and setting up a temple on the Tiber Island.
 
218 BCE: Rome declares war on Carthage after Hannibal sacks Saguntum in Spain. The Second Punic War begins.
 
 
213 BCE - 212 BCE: Roman commander Marcus Claudius Marcellus lays seige to and ultimately sacks Syracuse.
 
196 BCE: The earliest known Triumphal Arches are built in Rome by L.Sertinius.
 
 
184 BCE: The first basilica is added to Rome's Forum Romanum.
 
 
168 BCE: Rome defeats Macedon at Battle of Pydna.
 
 
166 BCE: Rome puts Delos under the jurisdiction of Athens and makes the island a free port.
 
 
146 BCE: First Roman all-marble building is constructed, the temple of Jupiter Stater in Rome.
 
121 BCE: Gallia Narbonensis becomes a Roman province.
 
107 BCE - 100 BCE: Gaius Marius reforms the Roman army.
 
100 BCE - 44 BCE: Life of Gaius Julius Caesar, founder of the Roman Empire.
 
 
89 BCE: All poleis or city-states in Magna Graecia come under Roman control.
 
80 BCE: Sulla moves the Olympic Games to Rome for a single Olympiad.
 
70 BCE: Pompey and Crassus are made consuls.
 
59 BCE - 17 CE: Life of Livy.
 
 
58 BCE - 51 BCE: Julius Caesar's conquest of Gaul.
 
 
55 BCE - 54 BCE: Julius Caesar's expeditions in Britain.
 
55 BCE: Pompey the Great builds the first permanent stone theatre in Rome.
 
 
54 BCE - 29 BCE: Forum of Caesar constructed in Rome by Julius Caesar as another area to conduct judicial business. It is the best surviving of his monuments.
 
44 BCE: Julius Caesar is murdered.
 
43 BCE - 36 BCE: Second Triumvirate: Antony, Octavian, and Lepidus (official approval by the Roman Senate). Mass proscriptions including Cicero.
 
43 BCE - 17 CE: Life of the Roman writer Ovid, author of Metamorphoses.
 
36 BCE: Agrippa defeats the naval fleet of Sextus Pompey in the battle of Naulochos.
 
 
31 BCE: Greece absorbed into Roman Empire.
 
29 BCE: Augustus builds the temple of Divius Iulius on the spot of Julius Caesar's funeral pyre in Rome's Forum Romanum.
 
27 BCE: The first Pantheon is built in Rome and dedicated by Marcus Agrippa.
 
20 BCE: The Campus Martius baths in Rome are constructed and donated to the people by Agrippa.
 
 
20 BCE: Military engineer and architect Vitruvius publishes his "De Architectura".
 
 
19 BCE: Arch of Augustus built in Rome to commemorate victory over the Parthians.
 
13 BCE: Official inauguration of the Theatre of Marcellus in Rome.
 
 
10 BCE: Augustus rebuilds the Temple of Castor and Pollux in Rome's Forum Romanum.
 
1 CE - 100 CE: Mithraism spreads in the Roman empire.
 
 
13 CE: Augustus creates the cohortes urbanae in Rome to help maintain public order.
 
23 CE: The castra praetoria, permanent camp of the Praetorian Guard, is built in Rome by Sejanus.
 
42 CE - 62 CE: Paul the Apostle goes on missionary journeys across Asia Minor, Greece, and Rome.
 
 
50 CE - 60 CE: Establishment of various Christian communities in the Eastern Mediterranean, Greece, Egypt, and at least the city of Rome.
 
 
60 CE - 61 CE: Boudicca's Revolt in Britain.
 
64 CE: Unofficial persecution of Christians in Rome.
 
64 CE: The great fire in Rome.
 
64 CE: The Roman port of Ostia reaches its maximum size becoming a major urban centre.
 
64 CE: Fire destroys the Circus Maximus in Rome.
 
65 CE: The Baths of Nero are built in Rome.
 
65 CE: The Circus Maximus in Rome is rebuilt and its capacity increased to 250,000.
 
 
66 CE - 73 CE: The Jewish Revolt against Rome.
 
 
68 CE - 69 CE: Year of the Four Emperors: Civil war in Rome.
 
 
70 CE: The city of Jerusalem is besieged and captured by Rome; the Second Temple destroyed.
 
71 CE: Titus returns to Rome from Jewish War.
 
 
72 CE: Vespasian begins construction of the Colosseum in Rome.
 
 
79 CE: Eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in southern Italy burying the towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum in volcanic ash.
 
 
80 CE: The Colosseum in Rome is officially opened by Titus with a 100 day gladiator spectacular.
 
80 CE: The first Pantheon in Rome is destroyed by fire.
 
 
81 CE - 96 CE: Construction is finally completed on the Colosseum of Rome in the reign of Domitian.
 
 
83 CE: Battle of Mons Graupius in Scotland.
 
96 CE: Death of Roman Emperor Domitian.
 
 
110 CE: First documented martydom in the Colosseum of Rome, that of St. Ignatius of Antioch.
 
110 CE: The second Pantheon building in Rome is hit by lightning and destroyed by fire.
 
113 CE: Trajan's column is constructed in Rome which commemorates the emperor's campaigns in Dacia.
 
 
125 CE: The Pantheon is completed in Rome.
 
138 CE - 161 CE: Reign of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.
 
180 CE: The Column of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina is erected in Rome. It depicts in relief sculpture the emperors' campaigns across the Danube.
 
 
192 CE: Emperor Commodus is murdered, civil war ensues (until 197 CE).
 
202 CE: The Pantheon in Rome is repaired by Septimius Severus and Caracalla.
 
227 CE: The Baths of Nero in Rome are extensively renovated and expanded by Alexander Severus and renamed Thermae Alexandrinae.
 
235 CE: The Baths of Caracalla in Rome are completed.
 
238 CE: Year of the Six Emperors in the Roman Empire.
 
272 CE: Possible year of Emperor Constantine's birth.
 
283 CE: A fire devastates Rome's Forum Romanum, necessitating an extensive rebuilding programme.
 
286 CE: Naval commander Carausius (Marcus Aurelius Mausaeus Valerius Carausius) declares himself emperor in Britain and Northern Gaul.
 
293 CE: Emperor Carausius assassinated by Allectus.
 
 
308 CE: Constantine I named "caesar" of the west.
 
 
312 CE: Constantine defeats Maxentius at Milvian Bridge.
 
 
312 CE: Constantine I reduces the cohortes urbanae of Rome.
 
337 CE: Death of Emperor Constantine I.
 
 
360 CE - 380 CE: The Temple of Saturn is rebuilt in the Forum Romanum of Rome.
 
 
402 CE: Ravenna becomes the capital of the Western Roman Empire.
 
408 CE: Alaric I the Visigoth besieges Rome. As ransom, Rome pays 5,000 pounds of gold, 30,000 pounds of silver, 4,000 silken tunics, 3,000 hides dyed scarlet, and 3,000 pounds of pepper.
 
410 CE: Alaric of the Visigoths sacks Rome.
 
 
410 CE: Alaric sacks Rome.
 
 
422 CE: The Colosseum of Rome is damaged by earthquake.
 
455 CE: Vandals sack Rome.
 
536 CE: Rome falls to Belisarius.
 
549 CE: The last official chariot race is held in Rome's Circus Maximus.
 
 
608 CE: The Pantheon in Rome is converted into a Christian church.
 
 
730 CE: First reference to the Flavian Amphitheatre as the Colosseum by the Venerable Bede.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
800 BCE 600 BCE 400 BCE 200 BCE 0 CE 200 CE 400 CE 600 CE