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264 BCE - 241 BCE: First Punic War. Carthage cedes Sicily to Rome.
260 BCE: First Roman naval victory against Carthage off Mylae in the First Punic War.
260 BCE: Rome builds a fleet of 120 ships in just 60 days to fight the First Punic War.
258 BCE: Rome wins a naval battle against Carthage at Sulcis during the First Punic War.
256 BCE: Roman naval victory against Carthage off Ecnomus during the First Punic War.
255 BCE - 253 BCE: Roman fleets are wrecked by storms off Pachynus and Palinurus during the First Punic War.
249 BCE: Carthage defeats Rome in a naval battle at Drepanum during the First Punic War.
242 BCE: A Roman fleet besieges the Carthaginian stronghold of Drepana on Sicily during the First Punic War.
241 BCE: Roman naval victory off the Aegates Islands leads to victory over Carthage, ending the First Punic War.
229 BCE - 228 BCE: Rome fights Illyrian pirates. Queen Teuta pays tribute to Rome.
67 BCE: Pompey assembles a naval fleet and attacks Pamphylia and Cilicia, principally to repress piracy.
56 BCE: The navies of Rome and the Veneti Gauls clash resulting in a Roman victory. This is the first recorded naval battle in the Atlantic Ocean.
55 BCE - 54 BCE: Julius Caesar's expeditions in Britain.
38 BCE: Octavian amasses a naval fleet to defeat Sextus Pompey.
36 BCE: Agrippa defeats the naval fleet of Sextus Pompey in the battle of Naulochos.
43 CE: Claudius commences the Roman conquest of Britain.