Visual Timeline: Persian Warfare

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE 600 CE  
625 BCE - 585 BCE: Median army organized during the reign of Cyaxares of the Medes.
550 BCE - 530 BCE: Achaemenid Army organized under Cyrus the Great of Persia based on Cyaxares' model.
522 BCE - 486 BCE: The Achaemenid Persian military is expanded and refined under the reign of Darius I the Great.
486 BCE - 465 BCE: Achaemenid Persian military expanded further under the reign of Xerxes I.
247 BCE - 224 CE: Under the Parthian Empire, cavalry becomes the dominant force of the military in the region.
224 CE - 240 CE: Reign of Ardashir I who founds Sassanian Empire and reorganizes the military drawing on all the models of the past and present.
224 CE - 651 CE: Under the Sassanian Empire, the Persian military becomes the greatest fighting force in the ancient world, repeatedly defeating Roman Empire.
651 CE: Sassanian Empire falls to invading Muslim Arabs; Persian army and navy are disbanded.
700 BCE 500 BCE 300 BCE 100 BCE 100 CE 300 CE 500 CE