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1246 CE - 1259 CE: Reign of Japan's Emperor Go-Fukakusa.
1259 CE - 1274 CE: Reign of Japan's Emperor Kameyama.
1318 CE - 1339 CE: Go-Daigo reigns as emperor of Japan.
1333 CE - 1573 CE: The Muromachi period of medieval Japan.
1333 CE: Nitta Yoshisada attacks and destroys Kamakura, capital of Japan's Kamakura Shogunate.
1333 CE - 1336 CE: The Kemmu Restoration when the Japanese emperor Go-Daigo uses rebel warlords to oust the Kamakura Shogunate.
1333 CE: The position of deputy shogun (kanrei) is created in Japan.
1336 CE: Ashikaga Takauji captures Heiankyo (Kyoto).
1336 CE: Ashikaga Takauji defeats Emperor Go-Daigo's chief ally Yoshisada at the battle of Minatogawa near Kobe.
1337 CE - 1392 CE: Japan has two competing emperors: the 'Northern and Southern Courts.
1338 CE: Ashikaga Takauji becomes the new shogun in Japan, it is the beginning of the Ashikaga (Muromachi) Shogunate.
1338 CE - 1573 CE: The Ashikaga (Muromachi) Shogunate rules Japan.
1338 CE - 1358 CE: Ashikaga Takauji rules as shogun in Japan.
1350 CE - 1352 CE: Japan's shogun Ashikaga Takauji battles his brother Tadayoshi.
1359 CE - 1368 CE: Ashikaga Yoshiakira rules as shogun in Japan.
1368 CE - 1394 CE: Ashikaga Yoshimitsu rules as shogun in Japan.
1395 CE - 1423 CE: Ashikaga Yoshimochi rules as shogun in Japan.
1397 CE: The Kinkakuji or 'Golden Pavilion' is built in Heiankyo (Kyoto) by the shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu.
1401 CE: Japan joins the tribute system of China's Ming Dynasty.
1420 CE - 1506 CE: Life of the celebrated Zen priest and artist Sesshu (real name Toyo)
1423 CE - 1425 CE: Ashikaga Yoshikazu rules as shogun in Japan.
1429 CE - 1441 CE: Ashikaga Yoshinori rules as shogun in Japan.
1442 CE - 1443 CE: Ashikaga Yoshikatsu rules as shogun in Japan.
1449 CE - 1474 CE: Ashikaga Yoshimasa rules as shogun in Japan.
1460 CE - 1483 CE: Ginkakuji Temple (Silver Pavilion) is built in Heiankyo (Kytoto) Japan by Ashikaga Yoshimasa.
1467 CE - 1477 CE: The Onin War between rival warlords rages in Japan.
1467 CE - 1568 CE: The Sengoku Period or Warring States Period in Japan.
1473 CE: Ryoanji in Heiankyo (Kyoto) becomes a Zen Buddhism temple.
1474 CE - 1489 CE: Ashikaga Yoshihisa rules as shogun in Japan.
1490 CE - 1493 CE: Ashikaga Yoshitane rules in his first spell as shogun of Japan.
1494 CE - 1508 CE: Ashikaga Yoshizumi rules as shogun in Japan.
1500 CE: The famous Zen rock garden at Ryoanji temple in Heiankyo (Kyoto) is laid out.
1508 CE - 1521 CE: Ashikaga Yoshitane rules in his second spell as shogun of Japan.
1521 CE - 1546 CE: Ashikaga Yoshiharu rules as shogun in Japan.
1543 CE: The first European contact is made with Japan when three Portuguese traders have their ship blown onto the shores of southern Kyushu.
1546 CE - 1565 CE: Ashikaga Yoshiteru rules as shogun in Japan.
1568 CE - 1582 CE: Oda Nobunaga seizes Heiankyo (Kyoto) and is the dominant military leader in central Japan.
1568 CE: Ashikaga Yoshihide rules as shogun in Japan.
1568 CE - 1588 CE: Ashikaga Yoshiaki rules as shogun in Japan (but is exiled by Oda Nobunaga from 1573 CE).
1573 CE: Oda Nobunaga exiles the last Ashikaga shogun, Yoshiaki.