Visual Timeline: Medieval Japan

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

1100 CE 1200 CE 1300 CE 1400 CE 1500 CE 1600 CE 1700 CE 1800 CE  
1147 CE - 1199 CE: Life of Minamoto no Yoritomo, clan leader of the Minamoto and first shogun of Japan.
1168 CE: Taira no Kiyomori significantly remodels the Itsukushima Shrine.
1180 CE - 1185 CE: The Genpei War in Japan between the Taira and Minamoto clans.
1183 CE - 1198 CE: Reign of Japan's Emperor Go-Toba.
1185 CE: Battle of Dannoura where the Minamoto defeat the rival Taira. The young emperor Antoku drowns.
1185 CE - 1333 CE: The Kamakura period in Japan.
1192 CE - 1333 CE: The Kamakura Shogunate rules Japan.
1192 CE - 1199 CE: Minamoto no Yoritomo is shogun in Japan.
1195 CE: The Todaiji temple at Nara, Japan, is restored by the Minamoto clan.
1202 CE - 1203 CE: Minamoto no Yorie is shogun of Japan.
1203 CE - 1219 CE: Minamoto no Sanetomo is shogun of Japan.
1203 CE - 1205 CE: Hojo Tokimasa acts as regent to Japan's shogun, the first of 16 such regents
1218 CE: The Tale of the Heike (Heike monogatari) is first published in Japan.
1219 CE: Hojo Masako and Hojo Tokimasa take over as regents for the Japanese shogun, thus permanently transferring power from the Minamoto to Hojo clans.
1221 CE: The Jokyu Disturbance - Japan's emperor Go-Toba launches a failed coup against the Kamakura Shogunate.
1225 CE: The position of vice-regent to the shogun (rensho) is created in Japan.
1232 CE: A new law code, the Joei Code (Joei shikimoku), is established in Japan.
1246 CE - 1259 CE: Reign of Japan's Emperor Go-Fukakusa.
1249 CE: A High Court, the Hikitsukeshu, is formed in Japan.
1249 CE - 1253 CE: The Kenchoji Zen Buddhism monastery is built in Kamakura, Japan.
1254 CE: The large gilded wood statue of Kannon is sculpted at Sanjusangendo, Heiankyo (Kyoto), Japan.
1259 CE - 1274 CE: Reign of Japan's Emperor Kameyama.
1274 CE: The first invasion of Japan by the Mongol ruler Kublai Khan fails.
1281 CE: The second invasion of Japan by the Mongol ruler/Yuan dynasty emperor Kublai Khan fails.
1283 CE: The Engakuji Zen Buddhist monastery is established at Kamakura, Japan by Hojo Tokimune.
1318 CE - 1339 CE: Go-Daigo reigns as emperor of Japan.
1327 CE - 1333 CE: Hojo Moritoki reigns as shogun in Japan, the last of the Kamakura Shogunate.
1333 CE - 1573 CE: The Muromachi period of medieval Japan.
1333 CE: Nitta Yoshisada attacks and destroys Kamakura, capital of Japan's Kamakura Shogunate.
1333 CE - 1336 CE: The Kemmu Restoration when the Japanese emperor Go-Daigo uses rebel warlords to oust the Kamakura Shogunate.
1333 CE: The position of deputy shogun (kanrei) is created in Japan.
1336 CE: Ashikaga Takauji captures Heiankyo (Kyoto).
1337 CE - 1392 CE: Japan has two competing emperors: the 'Northern and Southern Courts.
1338 CE: Ashikaga Takauji becomes the new shogun in Japan, it is the beginning of the Ashikaga (Muromachi) Shogunate.
1338 CE - 1573 CE: The Ashikaga (Muromachi) Shogunate rules Japan.
1338 CE - 1358 CE: Ashikaga Takauji rules as shogun in Japan.
1359 CE - 1368 CE: Ashikaga Yoshiakira rules as shogun in Japan.
1395 CE - 1423 CE: Ashikaga Yoshimochi rules as shogun in Japan.
1397 CE: The Kinkakuji or 'Golden Pavilion' is built in Heiankyo (Kyoto) by the shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu.
1401 CE: Japan joins the tribute system of China's Ming Dynasty.
1407 CE: The five-story Buddhist pagoda is added to the Shinto Itsukushima Shrine.
1420 CE - 1506 CE: Life of the celebrated Zen priest and artist Sesshu (real name Toyo)
1429 CE - 1441 CE: Ashikaga Yoshinori rules as shogun in Japan.
1449 CE - 1474 CE: Ashikaga Yoshimasa rules as shogun in Japan.
1460 CE - 1483 CE: Ginkakuji Temple (Silver Pavilion) is built in Heiankyo (Kytoto) Japan by Ashikaga Yoshimasa.
1467 CE - 1477 CE: The Onin War between rival warlords rages in Japan.
1467 CE - 1568 CE: The Sengoku Period or Warring States Period in Japan.
1473 CE: Ryoanji in Heiankyo (Kyoto) becomes a Zen Buddhism temple.
1474 CE - 1489 CE: Ashikaga Yoshihisa rules as shogun in Japan.
1494 CE - 1508 CE: Ashikaga Yoshizumi rules as shogun in Japan.
1508 CE - 1521 CE: Ashikaga Yoshitane rules in his second spell as shogun of Japan.
1521 CE - 1546 CE: Ashikaga Yoshiharu rules as shogun in Japan.
1543 CE: The first European contact is made with Japan when three Portuguese traders have their ship blown onto the shores of southern Kyushu.
1546 CE - 1565 CE: Ashikaga Yoshiteru rules as shogun in Japan.
1549 CE: Oda Nobunaga adds a specialist corps of 500 musketeers to his army.
1560 CE: Oda Nobunaga defeats the warlord of Mikawa, Imagawa Yoshimoto, at the Battle of Okehazama.
1568 CE - 1582 CE: Oda Nobunaga seizes Heiankyo (Kyoto) and is the dominant military leader in central Japan.
1568 CE - 1600 CE: The Azuchi-Momoyama Period in Japan.
1568 CE: Ashikaga Yoshihide rules as shogun in Japan.
1568 CE - 1588 CE: Ashikaga Yoshiaki rules as shogun in Japan (but is exiled by Oda Nobunaga from 1573 CE).
1571 CE: Oda Nobunaga attacks the Buddhist Enryakuji monastic complex near Kyoto.
1573 CE: Oda Nobunaga exiles the last Ashikaga shogun, Yoshiaki.
1575 CE: Oda Nobunaga wins the Battle of Nagashino.
1576 CE: Oda Nobunaga instigates a 'sword hunt' to confiscate all weapons from the Japanese peasantry.
1579 CE: Oda Nobunaga establishes a new headquarters at Azuchi castle.
1582 CE - 1598 CE: Toyotomi Hideyoshi is the military leader of Japan.
1582 CE - 1598 CE: Oda Nobunaga and his successor Toyotomi Hideyoshi conduct an extensive land ownership survey across Japan.
1586 CE: Toyotomi Hideyoshi builds the huge Osaka castle.
1588 CE: Toyotomi Hideyoshi prohibits commoners from carrying weapons, including swords.
1588 CE: Toyotomi Hideyoshi rules that only full-rank samurai may carry two swords.
1591 CE: Toyotomi Hideyoshi builds the massive Odoi ("Great rampart") fortification wall around Heiankyo (Kyoto).
1591 CE: Toyotomi Hideyoshi redefines the class system of Japan.
1591 CE: Samurai are no longer permitted to farm their own land making them dependent on their lords for income.
1592 CE: Toyotomi Hideyoshi sends an army to invade Korea. It is not successful.
1594 CE: Toyotomi Hideyoshi builds the Fushimi Castle outside Heiankyo (Kyoto).
1597 CE: Toyotomi Hideyoshi passes his second edict to remove Christian missionaries from Japan and executes 26 Christians in Nagasaki.
1597 CE: Toyotomi Hideyoshi sends a second army to invade Korea. It is not successful.
1598 CE: Death of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, the military leader of Japan.
1600 CE: Tokugawa Ieyasu wins the Battle of Skeigahara against those generals who supported Toyotomi Hideyoshi's son. End of the Azuchi-Momoyama Period.
1603 CE - 1868 CE: The Tokugawa Shogunate rules Japan.
1603 CE - 1605 CE: Tokugawa Ieyasu rules as shogun in Japan.
1100 CE 1200 CE 1300 CE 1400 CE 1500 CE 1600 CE 1700 CE 1800 CE