Visual Timeline: Korea

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2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE 1000 CE  
2333 BCE: Traditional founding of Gojoseon by Dangun Wanggeom (Tangun).
1200 BCE: The thatched village of Hunam-ri near the Han River of Korea is built.
1122 BCE: Traditional date that Gija (Jizi) becomes king of Gojoseon.
194 BCE - 180 BCE: Wiman Joseon (Wiman Choson) takes control of Gojoseon, declaring himself king.
57 BCE - 668 CE: Three Kingdoms Period in Korea (Silla, Goguryeo, and Baekje).
57 BCE - 918 CE: The Silla Kingdom rules in Korea, first as one of the Three Kingdoms and then alone from 668 CE.
57 BCE - 4 CE: Reign of traditional founder of Korea's Silla kingdom Hyeokgeose.
37 BCE - 668 CE: The Goguryeo kingdom rules in northern Korea.
37 BCE: Traditional founding date of the Goguryeo Kindom in northern Korea.
18 BCE: Traditional founding date of the Baekje kingdom in Korea.
18 BCE - 660 CE: The Baekje Kingdom rules in western Korea.
3 CE: The Goguryeo capital is established at Gungnae.
42 CE - 532 CE: The Gaya (Kaya) Confederation rules in central Korea.
342 CE: Murong Huang invades Korea from China and sacks the Goguryeo capital of Gungnae, taking 50,000 inhabitants prisoner.
371 CE: Baekje conquers the Mahan federation and attacks Pyongyang, killing the Goguryeo king Gogugwon.
372 CE: A Confucian Academy is established in the Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea and Buddism is adopted as the state religion.
375 CE: The Sogi, a history of the Baekje Kingdom in Korea, is written.
375 CE - 384 CE: Reign of Baekje king Geungusu in western Korea.
384 CE: Buddhism is adopted as the state religion by the Baekje kingdom of western Korea.
384 CE - 385 CE: Reign of Baekje king Chimnyu in western Korea.
391 CE - 413 CE: Reign of Goguryeo king Gwanggaeto the Great in northern Korea.
427 CE: Pyongyang replaces Gungnae as the Goguryeo capital.
433 CE - 553 CE: Baekje forms an alliance with the Silla kingdom in Korea.
475 CE: Goguryeo attacks the Baekje kingdom, killing the king Gaero and forcing the abandonment of Hansong, his capital.
475 CE: A new Baekje capital is established at Ungjin (modern Gongju/Kongju).
479 CE - 501 CE: Reign of Baekje king Dongseong in western Korea.
520 CE: Silla king Beopheung introduces the bone rank system (Golpum).
525 CE: The tomb of King Muryeong of Baekje is built near Gongju, Korea.
532 CE: Silla captures and destroys the Gaya city of Bon-Gaya in southern Korea.
538 CE: A new Baekje capital is established at Sabi (modern Buyeo/Puyo).
554 CE: The Silla kingdom attacks the Baekje kingdom and occupies the lower Han River valley.
554 CE: At the battle of Gwansan Fortress (modern Okcheon) the Baekje army is defeated by the Silla and King Seong is killed.
562 CE: Silla conquers the Gaya city of Daegaya in southern Korea.
595 CE - 673 CE: The life of famed Korean general Kim Yu-sin.
600 CE: Fine quality paper known as hanji is produced in ancient Korea.
612 CE: Goguryeo general Eulji Mundeok wins a great victory against the Chinese Sui at the battle of the Salsu River.
617 CE - 686 CE: Life of the Korean Buddhist philosopher Wonhyo.
625 CE - 702 CE: Life of the Korean scholar-monk Uisang.
628 CE: The Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea builds a 480-km defensive wall as protection against attack from China.
642 CE: The Baekje and Goguryeo kingdoms join forces against the Silla and conquer Taeya-song (modern Hapchon).
644 CE: A Goguryeo army defeats a combined Silla and Tang army.
660 CE: The Baekje kingdom in Korea falls to a joint Silla and Chinese Tang Dynasty army and naval attack.
661 CE: A Tang Dynasty army unsuccessfully besieges the Goguryeo capital of Pyongyang.
663 CE: A rebel Baekje army is finally crushed by the Silla in Korea, ending the Baekje kingdom.
667 CE: A Tang Dynasty army besieges the Goguryeo capital of Pyongyang for a second time, this time successfully.
668 CE - 935 CE: Unified Silla Kingdom in Korea.
668 CE: The Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea collapses following an attack by the Tang Dynasty of China.
675 CE: A Silla army defeats a Tang force at the battles of Maesosong.
676 CE: A Silla army defeats a Tang force at the battle of Kibolpo, thus gaining control of the whole Korean peninsula.
682 CE: A National Confucian Academy is established in the Unified Silla Kingdom.
698 CE - 926 CE: The Balhae kingdom rules in Manchuria and northern Korea.
751 CE - 790 CE: The Buddhist Bulguksa temple complex is built east of Gyeongju, Korea.
751 CE - 774 CE: The Buddhist cave temple at Seokguram (Sokkuram) east of Gyeongju, Korea is built.
771 CE: The large bronze bell at the Buddhist shrine at Bongdeoksa, Korea, also known as the Emille Bell, is cast.
828 CE: Jang Bogo establishes a garrison at Cheonghae, the Cheonghaejin fortress is constructed.
857 CE - 915 CE: Life of Korean poet and scholar Choe Chiwon.
889 CE - 935 CE: The Later Three Kingdoms period in Korea.
918 CE - 1392 CE: The Goryeo Dynasty rules in Korea.
918 CE - 943 CE: Reign of Goryeo founder King Taejo (formerly Wang Geon).
927 CE: Rebel leader Gyeon Hwon attacks Gyeongju, capital of the Unified Silla Kingdom.
935 CE: The last Silla king, Gyeongsun, surrenders to Wang Geon ruler of Goryeo.
994 CE: The Khitan Liao dynasty invades the Korean peninsula.
1033 CE: Goryeo wins a decisive battle against the northern Khitan tribes.
1101 CE: The unbyong (aka hwalgu) silver vases are first made and used as currency in Korea.
1126 CE: A rebellion led by the king's father-in-law I Jagyeom is quashed in Goryeo.
1126 CE: The Goryeo kingdom of Korea submits to vassal status towards the Jurchen Jin dynasty.
1145 CE: The 'Samguk sagi' ('History of the Three Kingdoms') is written by Gim Busik in Goryeo.
1170 CE: The military stages a coup in Goryeo. King Uijong is replaced by his brother Myeongjong as a puppet sovereign.
1219 CE: A Goryeo army allies with the Mongols to attack the Khitan in northern Korea.
1231 CE - 1232 CE: Ogedei Khan leads a Mongol invasion into Korea.
1234 CE: Movable metal type printing is invented in Goryeo, Korea.
1258 CE: An uprising restores the monarchy in Korea and makes peace with the Mongol Empire.
1285 CE: The Samguk yusa ('Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms') is written by Iryeon in Korea.
2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE 1000 CE