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540 BCE: A joint Carthaginian and Cerveteri force wins the Battle of the Sardinian Sea against the Phocaeans.
539 BCE: Etruscan & Carthaginian alliance expels the Greeks from Corsica.
475 BCE: Celts defeat the Etruscans at the Ticino River.
474 BCE: An Etruscan fleet is defeated by the navy of Syracuse at the Battle of Cumae.
437 BCE - 435 BCE: Rome defeats Etruscan Veii in the Veientine War; the Etruscan king Lars Tolumnius is killed.
400 BCE: Celts enter Italy and settle in the Po Valley.
396 BCE: Celts defeat an Etruscan army at the battle of Melpum. Afterwards the Celts heavily settle all over the Po Valley.
396 BCE: Rome sacks the Etruscan town of Veii after a ten-year siege.
394 BCE: Etruscan Volsinii and their ally Sappinum unsuccessfully attacks Rome.
391 BCE: Senones besiege Clusium, an Etruscan city.
384 BCE: Syracuse attacks the ports of the Etruscan city of Cerveteri.
356 BCE: 307 Roman prisoners are sacrificed in the forum of the Etruscan city of Tarquinia.
294 BCE: A Roman army led by L. Postimius Megellus defeats an army from Etruscan Volsinii.
284 BCE: Etruscan Volsinii with an army of Gauls attacks Arretium.
283 BCE: Romans defeat the Etruscans and Celts at lake Vadimo.
280 BCE: The Romans conquer the Etruscan cities of Tarquinia, Volsinii and Vulci.
273 BCE: Rome conquers the Etruscan town of Cerveteri.
264 BCE: Etruscan Volsinii is sacked by the Romans and its residents relocated to Bolsena.
225 BCE: Celts defeat 6000 Romans at Faesulae and proceed to overrun Etruria.
82 BCE - 80 BCE: Volterra is besieged and sacked by Roman general Sulla.