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1600 CE: Birth of Charles, second son of James VI of Scotland and the future Charles I of England.
1625 CE - 1649 CE: Reign of Charles I of England.
1625 CE: Charles I of England marries Henrietta Maria, the young sister of Louis XIII of France.
1626 CE: The English launch a disastrous attack on Cadiz.
1628 CE: The English Parliament issues its Petition of Right.
1628 CE: The English launch a disastrous attack on La Rochelle.
1629 CE: A peace treaty is signed between England and France.
1629 CE: Charles I of England dissolves Parliament and will not recall it for 11 years.
1630 CE: Charles, son of Charles I of England and future Charles II of England, is born.
1630 CE: A peace treaty is signed between England and Spain.
1632 CE: Charles I of England appoints Anthony van Dyck as his court artist.
1633 CE: James, son of Charles I of England and future James II of England, is born.
1633 CE: Charles I of England appoints William Laud as the Archbishop of Canterbury.
1637 CE: Charles I of England attempts to impose a new and unpopular Common Prayer Book in Scotland.
1640 CE: A scottish army invades northern England and occupies Newcastle.
1640 CE: The Short and Long Parliaments debate funds for an army for Charles I of England.
1641 CE: A major rebellion breaks out in Ireland against English rule.
1641 CE: Parliament passes the Grand Remonstrance listing the abuses of power by Charles I of England.
1642 CE - 1651 CE: The English Civil Wars between Parliamentarians ('Roundheads') and Royalists ('Cavaliers').
1642 CE - 1646 CE: The First English Civil War.
1642 CE: Charles I of England attempts to arrest five Members of Parliament.
1642 CE: The Royalists defeat the Parliamentarians at the battle at Edgehill in Warwickshire during the English Civil Wars.
1644 CE: The Parliamentarians, with the help of Scottish troops, defeat the Royalists at the battle of Marston Moor during the English Civil Wars.
1645 CE: The Parliamentarians defeat the Royalists at the Battle of Naseby during the English Civil Wars.
1647 CE: The Scots hand over Charles I of England to the English.
1647 CE: Charles I of England escapes from his capitivity and stays on the Isle of Wight.
1648 CE: The Second English Civil War when a Scottish army attempts and fails to restore Charles I of England.
1648 CE: A group of Parliamentarian officers captures Charles I of England on the Isle of Wight.
1649 CE: Charles I of England is put on trial by Parliament and found guilty of treason.
1649 CE: Execution of Charles I of England. The monarchy is abolished.