Visual Timeline: Byzantium
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668 BCE: Megara founds the colony of Byzantium.
478 BCE: Spartan general Pausanias is given command of a force and takes both Cyprus and Byzantium.
475 BCE: Athenian general Cimon defeats Spartan general Pausanias and takes Byzantium.
340 BCE: Phocion defeats Philip II of Macedon at Byzantium.
527 CE - 565 CE: Reign of Byzantine Emperor Justinian I.
532 CE: The Nika Revolt lasts over a week in Constantinople during the reign of Justinian I. The disturbance caused the destruction of much of the central city area and was quashed after a significant loss of life.