Visual Timeline: Berbers
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1300 BCE: Egyptians record the presence of semi-nomadic tribes in the Maghreb.
814 BCE: Traditional founding date for the Phoenician colony of Carthage by Tyre.
630 BCE: Greek colonists from the island of Thera found the city of Cyrene in North Africa.
206 BCE: Massinissa of Numidia betrays Carthage and joins forces with the Roman Republic.
148 BCE: The Roman Republic legitimises various Numidian tribal leaders to ensure stability and prevent a single ruler from becoming too powerful.
85 BCE - 46 BCE: Life of Juba I, a Numidian chieftain who united the Numidians and Mauretanians against Caesar.