To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.
1205 CE: Batu Khan is born.
1205 CE - 1255 CE: Life of the Mongol military commander and grandson of Genghis Khan, Batu Khan.
1223 CE: The Mongols defeat an army of the Kievan Rus at Kalka.
1236 CE - 1242 CE: Multiple Mongol armies attack western Asia, Russia, Poland, and Hungary.
1237 CE: The city of Ryazan (Riazan) is besieged and captured by the Mongols.
1238 CE: The Mongols invade Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Armenia.
1238 CE: The Mongols capture the city of Vladimir.
1238 CE: The Mongols capture the city of Torshok.
1240 CE: The Mongols sack Halych.
1240 CE: The Mongols capture Kiev.
1241 CE: The Mongols defeat an army led by Henry the Pious, the Duke of Silesia, near Liegnitz (Legnica).
1241 CE: The Mongols defeat an army led by Bela IV, king of Hungary, at the Battle of Mohi.
1241 CE: The Mongols capture Buda and Pest.
1241 CE: The Mongols capture the great city of Gran (Esztergom) in Hungary.
1251 CE: Batu Khan and the Jochid-Toluid kurultai declare Mongke Great Khan of the Mongols.
1255 CE: Batu Khan dies.